The Oxbridge Editing Blog 9th July 2024

How to Write an Argumentative Essay with Examples

9th July 2024
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Writing an argumentative essay is a critical skill that students need to master. This type of essay requires you to investigate a topic, collect evidence, and evaluate it to establish a position on the subject. In this blog post, we will guide you through the process of how to write an argumentative essay, provide an example of an argumentative essay, and offer tips on choosing and structuring your essay.

Understanding the Argumentative Essay

An argumentative essay is a genre of writing that requires the writer to take a stance on a particular issue. This position is then supported by logical reasoning and evidence. Unlike other types of essays, an argumentative essay demands a more detailed and thorough approach to the subject matter.

Key Features of an Argumentative Essay

  1. Clear Thesis Statement: Your essay should have a clear thesis statement that defines your position on the topic.
  2. Logical Structure: The essay must follow a logical structure, typically consisting of an introduction, body paragraphs, and a conclusion.
  3. Evidence-Based Arguments: Each claim you make must be supported by credible evidence such as statistics, expert opinions, and factual information.
  4. Counterarguments: A strong argumentative essay addresses counterarguments to show a comprehensive understanding of the topic.

Steps to Writing an Argumentative Essay and Example of Essay Argumentative

1. Choose a Topic

Choosing a relevant and debatable topic is the first step. Ensure that the topic is specific enough to be thoroughly explored within the scope of your essay but broad enough to find sufficient evidence.

Example of Essays on Argumentative Topics:

  • The impact of Reinassance on English literature.
  • The ethics of artificial intelligence.
  • Climate change and its global effects.

2. Research the Topic

Conduct thorough research to gather information from credible sources. This includes academic journals, books, reputable websites, and expert opinions. Take notes and organise your research to help you build your arguments logically.

3. Develop a Thesis Statement

Your thesis statement is the backbone of your essay. It should clearly state your position on the topic and provide a roadmap for your arguments.

Example Thesis Statement:

“The Renaissance had a profound impact on English literature, revolutionising themes, forms, and styles, which continue to influence modern writing.”

4. Create an Outline

An outline helps you organise your thoughts and structure your essay logically. It should include:

  • Introduction: Introduce the topic, provide background information, and present your thesis statement.
  • Body Paragraphs: Each paragraph should focus on a single point supporting your thesis. Start with a topic sentence, provide evidence, and explain how it supports your argument.
  • Counterarguments: Address potential opposing views and refute them with evidence.
  • Conclusion: Summarise your main points and restate your thesis in a broader context.

5. Write the Introduction

Your introduction should grab the reader’s attention and provide context for your argument. Start with a hook, such as a compelling fact or a rhetorical question, followed by background information, and end with your thesis statement.

Example Introduction:

“The Renaissance, a period of great cultural and intellectual rebirth in Europe, profoundly influenced various fields, including literature. This era marked a significant shift in the themes, forms, and styles of English literature. This essay argues that the Renaissance’s impact on English literature was revolutionary and continues to shape modern writing.”

6. Develop the Body Paragraphs

Each body paragraph should focus on one main point supporting your thesis. Use clear topic sentences, provide evidence, and explain how it supports your argument. Ensure smooth transitions between paragraphs to maintain the flow of your essay.

Example Body Paragraph:

“One of the most notable impacts of the Renaissance on English literature was the introduction of humanism. Humanist writers such as Thomas More and Christopher Marlowe emphasised the potential of individuals and the importance of personal achievement. This shift from religious to human-centred themes is evident in More’s ‘Utopia’ and Marlowe’s ‘Doctor Faustus,’ which reflect the era’s intellectual curiosity and exploration of human potential.”

7. Address Counterarguments

Acknowledge and refute counterarguments to show that you have considered multiple viewpoints. This demonstrates critical thinking and strengthens your position.

Example Counterargument:

“Some critics argue that the Renaissance’s influence on English literature was limited to a small elite and did not permeate popular writing. However, the themes and styles introduced during the Renaissance gradually trickled down to broader audiences, influencing later writers such as Shakespeare and Milton, whose works reached and impacted a wider readership.”

8. Write the Conclusion

Your conclusion should summarise the main points of your essay and restate your thesis in a new light. Highlight the broader implications of your argument and suggest possible solutions or areas for further research.

Example Conclusion:

“In conclusion, the Renaissance brought about a remarkable transformation in English literature, introducing humanist themes, new forms, and innovative styles. These changes not only revolutionised the literary landscape of the time but also laid the foundation for modern literary expression. Understanding this historical context enhances our appreciation of contemporary literature and its roots in Renaissance thought.”

Tips for Writing an Argumentative Essay

  • Conduct Thorough Research: Use credible sources to gather evidence that supports your thesis. This includes academic journals, books, and reputable websites
  • Create a Strong Thesis Statement: Your thesis statement should clearly define your position on the topic and guide the structure of your essay.
  • Organise Your Essay: Use an outline to organise your essay logically. Ensure each paragraph transitions smoothly to the next.
  • Address Counterargument: Acknowledge and refute counterarguments to show that you have considered multiple perspectives.
  • Proofread and Edit: After writing your essay, proofread and edit it to ensure clarity, coherence, and correctness.


Writing an argumentative essay involves taking a clear stance on a topic, supporting it with evidence, and addressing counterarguments. By following the steps outlined in this guide and using the provided example essay argumentative in nature, you can craft a compelling and well-structured essay.

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